Four Forest Cantons, the

Four Forest Cantons, the, Ger. Die Vier Waldstätten, in central Switzerland, the cantons of Unterwalden, Schwyz, Uri, and Lucerne, the first Swiss communities to win their freedom against the Hapsburgs. In 1291 the three mountain forest cantons (Unterwalden, Schwyz, and Uri) formed the League of Forest Cantons as the nucleus of an independent Switzerland. They were joined by Lucerne in 1332. The Lake of the Four Forest Cantons (Vierwaldstättersee) is called in English the Lake of Lucerne.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Four Forest Cantons the from Fact Monster:

  • Pilatus - Pilatus Pilatus , mountain, 6,800 ft (2,073 m) high, in the Alps of the Four Forest Cantons, ...
  • Bellinzona - Bellinzona Bellinzona , town (1993 pop. 17,100), capital of Ticino canton, S Switzerland, on the ...
  • Uri, canton, Switzerland - Uri Uri , canton (1993 pop. 35,500), 415 sq mi (1,075 sq km), central Switzerland, one of the Four ...
  • Unterwalden - Unterwalden Unterwalden , canton, central Switzerland, one of the Four Forest Cantons. A ...
  • Schwyz - Schwyz Schwyz , canton (1993 pop. 116,100), 351 sq mi (909 sq km), central Switzerland, one of the ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: German Political Geography