Fuji, Mount

Fuji, Mount (fōˈjē) [key], Fujiyama fōˌjēyäˈmä, fŏjēˈyämä, or Fuji-san fōˈjē-sän, volcanic peak, 12,389 ft (3,776 m) high, central Honshu, Japan, in Fuji-Hakone-Izu National Park (472 sq mi/1,222 sq km; est. 1936). The highest mountain in Japan, it is a sacred mountain and the traditional goal of pilgrimage. According to legend, an earthquake created Fuji in 286 B.C. The beauty of the snowcapped symmetrical cone, ringed by lakes and virgin forests, has inspired Japanese poets and painters throughout the centuries. Its last major eruption was in 1707.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Mount Fuji from Fact Monster:

  • Holy Places - Holy Places Throughout the world are places of special significance to different religious groups. ...
  • Hokusai - Hokusai Hokusai (Katsushika Hokusai), 1760–1849, Japanese painter, draftsman, and wood ...
  • SHINTO - Shinto (“the way of the gods”) is Japan’s oldest religion and centers on the worship of kami, or spirits. These are believed to inhabit any powerful o
  • Mountain Climbing - Mountain Climbing In 1906, at age 47, Fanny Bullock Workman set a world climbing record for women ...
  • Types of Volcanoes - Types of Volcanoes —Robert I. Tilling Source: U.S. Geological Survey Geologists generally ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Japanese Physical Geography