Gambier Islands (gămˈbĭr) [key], volcanic islands (6 sq mi/15.5 sq km; 2002 pop. 1,097), South Pacific, near the southeast end of the Tuamotu Archipelago. The group is a part of French Polynesia. It comprises a cluster of four inhabited islands known as Mangareva and many uninhabited atolls. The Mangareva cluster is within a barrier reef having a circumference of c.40 mi (60 km). The islands have copra and coffee plantations and pearl fisheries. Many of the uninhabited atolls are privately owned and are worked for copra. Mangareva is the seat of Rikitea, the capital. Discovered in 1797 by the British (who named the group), the Gambier Islands were annexed by France in 1881. Some of the atolls were used for French nuclear tests.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
More on Gambier Islands from Fact Monster:
- French Polynesia - Information on French Polynesia — geography, history, politics, government, economy, population statistics, culture, religion, languages, largest cities.
- Mangareva - Mangareva: Mangareva: see Gambier Islands.
- French Polynesia - French Polynesia French Polynesia, officially Overseas Lands of French Polynesia, internally ...
- Tuamotu Archipelago - Tuamotu Archipelago Tuamotu Archipelago or Low Archipelago,coral island group (2002 pop. 14,876), ...
- Encyclopedia: Pacific Islands Political Geography - Encyclopeadia articles concerning Pacific Islands Political Geography.