Gangwon or Kangwon (gängˈwŭnˈ) [key], province (1995 pop. 1,466,794), N South Korea. Chuncheon is the capital. The 38th parallel that divided Korea after World War II ran through Gangwon, but after the Korean War truce of 1953 much of the province returned from North to South Korean rule. Mining (iron, coal, tungsten, fluorite), farming, and fishing are chief economic activities in the province.