Gwadar, port city (1998 est. pop. 43,850), Baluchistan prov., SW Pakistan, at the N end of the Arabian Sea. Traditional industries include fishing and fish processing; there also are facilities for the production of sea salt and the desalinizaton of water. In the early 21st cent. a modern deepwater port was developed there (largely with Chinese funding); the port officially opened in 2007. Gwadar was ruled by the sultanate of Muscat and Oman (now Oman) from the late 18th cent.; it was purchased in 1958 by Pakistan.