Hitchin, city (1991 pop. 33,480), Hertfordshire, SE England. Hitchin was the site of a monastery in Offa's time and appears in the Domesday Book as a royal manor named Hiz. Corn and cattle are traded at a biweekly market. Industries include building contracting, engineering, tanning, parchment making, medicinal distilling, and rose growing. Henry Bessemer, the inventor, and George Chapman were born in Hitchin.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.