Huangpu (hwängˈpōˈ) [key] or Whampoa hwämˈpōˈäˈ, city, S Guangdong prov., SE China, on an island in the Pearl River. It is c.9 mi (14.5 km) SE of Guangzhou, of which it is an outer port; it has been enlarged and modernized since 1952 and now accommodates large oceangoing vessels. An important industrial city, Huangpu is economically a part of Guangzhou. The Huangpu (Whampoa) Military Academy, founded there in 1924 as a Kuomintang training center, was organized by Chiang Kai-shek. Several of its officers, notably Zhou Enlai, later became leaders of the Chinese Communist army.