Hyderabad, city (1998 pop. 1,151,274), Sind prov., S Pakistan. Pakistan's fourth largest city, it has long been noted for its embroideries, precious-metal goods, and cutlery. It now has industries in food processing, textiles, hosiery, cement, cigarettes, glass, soap, paper, leather goods, and plastics. Founded in 1768 by Ghulam Shah Kalhora, Hyderabad was laid out by his son, Sarfaraz Khan, in 1782 and was the capital of the emirs of Sind. The British East India Company occupied Hyderabad when the Sind became a British protectorate in 1839. In the city are the Univ. of Sind and 32 affiliated colleges. Umarkot, birthplace of the great Mughal emperor Akbar, is nearby.