Ilkeston (ĭlˈkĕstən) [key], town (1991 pop. 34,683), Derbyshire, central England. Iron and coal mines lie to the south. Rayon, lace, hosiery, and iron goods are manufactured. Ilkeston is mentioned in the Domesday Book. Eastwood, a nearby mining village, is the birthplace of D. H. Lawrence, and many of his novels are set in the area.