Imphal (ĭmˈpəl) [key], city (1991 pop. 202,839), capital of Manipur state, NE India, in the Manipur River valley, 2,500 ft (762 m) above sea level. Industries include weaving and the manufacture of metalware; the town is an important trade market. Until 1813, when Manipur was conquered by the Burmese, Imphal was the seat of the Manipuri kings. The inhabitants, of Tibeto-Burman origin, are famous for their music and dance. Imphal has three colleges affiliated with Guwahati Univ., as well as a technical college. The city was the site of a major victory (1944) for British and Indian troops against the Japanese in World War II.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.