Indore (ĭndôrˈ) [key], city and former native state, W central India. The state is now part of Madhya Pradesh state. The region contains extensive forests and much building stone. Indore was established c.1728 by Malhar Rao Holkar, a soldier in the service of the Marathas and the founder of the ruling dynasty. In 1818, Indore became tributary to the British. Indore, city (1991 pop. 1,109,065), on the Malwa plateau near the Vindhya escarpment, became important in the late 18th cent. It was the capital of the maharajas of Indore and is the site of their imposing palace. Indore is a commercial and industrial center. Manufactures include chemicals, tiles, cement, iron and steel, furniture, hosiery, sporting goods, and automobiles. Indore has several colleges and a medical school.