Iskenderun (ĭskĕnˈdĕrōnˌ) [key], formerly Alexandretta ălˌĭgzăndrĕtˈə, city (1990 pop. 156,198), S Turkey, on the Gulf of Alexandretta, an inlet of the Mediterranean Sea. The principal Turkish port on the Mediterranean, it has a large steel plant and is the terminus for an oil pipeline. The city was founded by Alexander the Great to commemorate his victory over the Persians at Issus in 333 B.C. In A.D. 1515 the Ottoman Empire under Selim I, its ruler, captured the city. Iskenderun was transferred (1920) to the French Syria League of Nations mandate as part of the sanjak of Alexandretta, but was returned to Turkey in 1939 (see Hatay).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Iskenderun from Fact Monster:

  • Alexandretta - Alexandretta Alexandretta, Turkey: see Iskenderun.
  • Issus - Issus Issus , ancient town of SE Asia Minor, now in Turkey, 5 mi (8 km) NW of Dörtyol. Located ...
  • Hatay - Hatay Hatay , formerly sanjak of Alexandretta,province (1990 pop. 1,002,252), 2,141 sq mi (5,545 sq ...
  • Sir Kenelm Digby - Digby, Sir Kenelm Digby, Sir Kenelm, 1603–65, English author and man of affairs. In 1628 he ...
  • Taurus, mountain chain, Turkey - Taurus Taurus , Turkish Toros, mountain chain, S Turkey, extending c.350 mi (560 km) roughly ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Turkey Political Geography

Play Hangman

Play Poptropica

Play Quizzes

Play Tic Tac Toe