Ivanovo (ēväˈnəvə) [key], city (1991 pop. 540,000), capital of Ivanovo region, central European Russia, in the Moscow industrial region. A great Russian textile center, the city was the historic center of Russia's cotton-milling industry. From the 1880s it was a center of labor unrest. During the revolution of 1905, 60,000 workers went on strike and formed one of the first soviets of workers' representatives. After six weeks the strike was crushed. The city was called Ivano-Voznesensk until 1932.