Jhansi (jänˈsē) [key], city (1991 pop. 368,564), Uttar Pradesh state, N central India. A road and rail junction, agricultural market, and small industrial center, it has iron and steel mills and railway workshops. The city grew around a fort built in 1613 by the Rajputs and strengthened in 1742 by the Marathas. It reverted to Great Britain in 1853, when the ruling prince died without heirs. British residents in Jhansi were massacred during the Indian Mutiny (1857).