Jilin (jēˈlĭnˈ) [key] or Kirin kēˈrĭnˈ, city (1994 est. pop. 1,117,800), central Jilin prov., China, on the Songhua River. It is a shipping port, a railroad junction, and a commercial and industrial center, with large chemical plants and paper mills. Oil is refined, and fertilizer, cement, lumber, and sugar are also produced. Jilin was the capital of Jilin prov. until 1954. Formerly called Yungki, Jilin is one of the oldest cities in NE China. The name sometimes appears as Chi-lin.