Jining (jēˈnĭngˈ) [key] or Tsining chēˈnĭngˈ, city (1994 est. pop. 180,500), Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region, China. It is an important railroad center at the junction of the system connecting Beijing and Lanzhou, with the line traversing the Republic of Mongolia to Russia. Industries include meatpacking, tanning, and the production of textiles. The name sometimes appears as Chi'ning.