Kanpur (känˈpŏr) [key], city (1991 pop. 2,029,889), Uttar Pradesh state, N central India, on the Ganges River. A major industrial center, it produces chemicals, textiles, leather goods, and food products. It is also a transportation hub with an airport. There are educational institutions in engineering and agriculture, an experimental farm, and a technology institute. Kanpur was a village until its cession to the British in 1801 by the Nawab of Oudh. During the Indian Mutiny (1857), Nana Sahib, whose pension claim had been rejected, slaughtered the entire British garrison, including women and children.