Karlsruhe

Karlsruhe (kärlsˈrōə) [key], city (1994 pop. 278,000), Baden-Württemberg, SW Germany, on the northern fringes of the Black Forest, connected by canal with a port on the nearby Rhine River. It is a transportation, industrial, and cultural center and is the seat of the federal constitutional court and the federal court of justice. Manufactures include electrical products, building equipment, bicycles and motorcycles, perfumes, jewelry, pharmaceuticals, machinery, and refined oil. Pipelines have been constructed leading to Marseille and Strasbourg, France, and to Ingolstadt on the Danube in Germany. Karlsruhe was founded in 1715 by Karl Wilhelm, margrave of Baden-Durlach, to replace nearby Durlach (incorporated into Karlsruhe in 1938) as the margravial residence. After 1771 it was the capital of the duchy (later grand duchy and, after 1919, state) of Baden. The old part of Karlsruhe, badly damaged in World War II, was laid out as a vast semicircle with the streets converging radially upon the ducal palace (1752–85; restored after 1945). The city has a university (founded as a technical academy in 1825), a school of fine arts, a school of music, a center for atomic research, well-known theaters and art galleries, and a large conference center, the Schwarzwaldhalle (1953–54). It is sometimes spelled Carlsruhe.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Karlsruhe from Fact Monster:

  • Hans Thoma - Thoma, Hans Thoma, Hans , 1839–1924, German painter and lithographer. He was influenced by ...
  • Kalckreuth, Leopold Karl Walter, Graf von - Kalckreuth, Leopold Karl Walter, Graf von Kalckreuth, Leopold Karl Walter, Graf von , ...
  • Karl Ferdinand Braun - Braun, Karl Ferdinand Braun, Karl Ferdinand , 1850–1918, German physicist. Braun taught at ...
  • Julius Lothar Meyer - Meyer, Julius Lothar Meyer, Julius Lothar, 1830–95, German chemist. He taught at Breslau, ...
  • Joseph Gottlieb Kölreuter - Kölreuter or Koelreuter, Joseph Gottlieb Kölreuter or Koelreuter, Joseph Gottlieb , ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: German Political Geography