(kăshmērˈ, kăshˈmēr) [key
], region and former princely state, 85,714 sq mi (222,236 sq km), NW India, NE Pakistan, and SW China. Kashmir is bordered on the west by Pakistan, on the south by India, and on the north and east by China. The region is divided between the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir
(2001 provisional pop. 10,069,917), 39,179 sq mi (101,437 sq km), with its summer capital at Srinagar
, the historic capital of the state, and its winter capital at Jammu
; the Pakistani-controlled areas (1981 est. pop. 1,980,000) Azad Kashmir,
2,169 sq mi (5,619 sq km), with its capital at Muzaffarabad
, and Gilgit-Baltistan,
formerly the Northern Areas,
27,991 sq mi (72,496 sq km), with its capital at Gilgit; and the largely uninhabited Chinese-controlled areas, 16,481 sq mi (42,685 sq km), within Xinjiang and Tibet.
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