Khabarovsk (khəbäˈrəfsk, khəbərôfskˈ) [key], city (1989 pop. 601,000), capital of Khabarovsk Territory and the administrative center of the Far East federal district, Russian Far East, on the Amur River near its junction with the Ussuri. An industrial center and a major transportation point on the Trans-Siberian RR, the city has oil refineries, shipyards, wood processing plants, and factories that produce farm machinery, trucks, aircraft, diesel engines, machine tools, and consumer goods. It is connected by regular air service to Alaska, Japan, Korea, and China.
Khabarovsk, formerly a fortified trading post, prospered greatly after the coming of the railroad in 1905. The city was the capital of the Soviet Far East from 1926 to 1938. Since the demise of the Soviet Union, it has experienced an increased Asian presence.