Kinross (kĭnrôsˈ) [key], town (1991 pop. 3,459), Perth and Kinross, E Scotland, on Loch Leven. Kinross is an agricultural hub, with some woolen and linen manufacturing. Mary Queen of Scots was imprisoned in the nearby Loch Leven Castle for 11 months (1567–68). Kinross House, in the style of an Italian Renaissance mansion, was built for James II of England (then duke of York) in 1685.