Klaipeda (klĪˈpĕdä) [key], formerly Memel māˈməl, city (1993 pop. 206,400), W Lithuania, on the Baltic Sea, at the entrance to the Courland Lagoon. An ice-free seaport and an industrial center, it has shipyards and industries producing textiles, fertilizers, and wood products. It is the home of a large fishing fleet. One of the oldest cities of Lithuania, Klaipeda was the site of a settlement as early as the 7th cent. It was conquered and burned in 1252 by the Teutonic Knights, who built a fortress and named it Memelburg. The city was ceded (1629) by Prussia to Sweden but reverted to Prussia in 1635. In the Napoleonic Wars the city was (1807) the refuge and residence of Frederick William III of Prussia, who signed there the edict emancipating the serfs in his kingdom. From 1919 it shared the history of the Memel Territory. The name has also appeared as Klaypeda.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Klaipeda from Fact Monster:

  • Klaypeda - Klaypeda: Klaypeda: see Klaipeda, Lithuania.
  • Kursky Zaliv - Kursky Zaliv Kursky Zaliv or Courland Lagoon, lagoon, 56 mi (90 km) long and 28 mi (45 km) wide, in ...
  • Lithuania: Land and People - Land and People Lithuania is a flatland, drained by the Nemen River. In addition to the capital, ...
  • Memel Territory - Memel Territory Memel Territory , Ger. Memelland, name applied to the district (1,092 sq mi/2,828 ...
  • Memel, city, Lithuania - Memel: Memel: see Klaipeda, Lithuania.

See more Encyclopedia articles on: CIS and Baltic Political Geography

Play Hangman

Play Poptropica

Play Quizzes

Play Tic Tac Toe