Kota (kōˈtə) [key], city (1991 pop. 537,371), Rajasthan state, NW India, on the Chambal River. Kota, enclosed by a massive wall, is a district administrative center and a market for sugarcane, oilseed, and building stone. The city has an airport; the nearby Chambal Dam supplies the city with hydroelectric power for its diversified industries. Kota has manufactures in textiles, precision instruments, electric cable, rubber products, paper, and processed foods. The Mathureshi temple is the most famous of Kota's many temples.