Kumayri (kōˈmĪrē) [key] or Gyumri gyŏmˈrē, formerly Leninakan lənyēnˌäkänˈ, city (1989 pop. 122,587), in Armenia, near the Turkish border. It has varied light manufactures. The old craft of rug making is practiced. Kumayri is the most important Armenian industrial center after Yerevan. It was founded (1837) as Aleksandropol on the site of the Turkish fortress of Gumri. It was called Leninakan from 1924 to 1990. The city was leveled in a Dec., 1988, earthquake. A Russian military base is there.