Lamía (lämēˈä, lāˈmēə) [key], city (1991 pop. 44,084), capital of Fthiótis prefecture, E central Greece. It is a transportation hub and an agricultural center. Founded about the 5th cent. B.C., it was the chief city of the small region of Malis and developed as an ally of Athens. It gave its name to the Lamian War (323–322 B.C.), waged by the confederate Greeks against Antipater, the Macedonian general, who took refuge in the city and was besieged there for several months. Antipater conquered (322 B.C.) the confederates at Crannon, near Larissa. Lamía was known as Zituni from the 10th to the 19th cent.
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