Latacunga (lätäkōngˈgä) [key], city (1990 pop. 39,882), capital of Cotopaxi prov., N central Ecuador. A town of the ancient Incas, it is in a high mountain basin between the E and W Andean cordilleras. It lies within an agricultural and livestock region. Manufactures include ceramics, ammunition, and furniture. Not far from Cotopaxi volcano, the city has suffered severe earthquakes.