Lipetsk (lyēˈpyĭtsk) [key], city (1989 pop. 450,000), capital of Lipetsk region, E central European Russia, on the Voronezh River. It is the center of an iron-ore-mining area. Industrial products include steel, fertilizer, tractors, food products, cement, household appliances, and metal goods. The city has mineral springs and since the 18th cent. has been a health resort center. It was founded in the 13th cent., completely destroyed by the Tatars at the end of the 13th cent., and rebuilt (1707) by Peter the Great as a metallurgical center.