Luoyang or Loyang (both: lô-yäng) [key], city (1994 est. pop. 863,300), NW Henan prov., China, on the Luo River. The city is the hub of several highways and is located on the Longhai RR. A new industrial center with a variety of heavy and light industries, it has grown about fourfold since 1949. Luoyang, a major Chinese cultural center, was the capital of several ancient dynasties, particularly that of the Eastern Chou kingdom (770–256 B.C.) and the T'ang dynasty (A.D. 618–906). Under the Chou it was the seat of several schools of philosophy. The nearby Longmen grottoes, embellished in the 6th cent. A.D., contain colossal carvings of Buddha. Luoyang was formerly called Henanfu or Honanfu.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Luoyang from Fact Monster:

  • Loyang - Loyang: Loyang: see Luoyang, China.
  • Longmen - Longmen: Longmen: see Luoyang, China.
  • Liu Hsiu - Liu Hsiu Liu Hsiu , A.D. 6–A.D. 57, restorer of the Han dynasty. As first emperor (A.D. ...
  • Henan - Henan Henan or Honan, province (1994 est. pop. 90,050,000), c.65,000 sq mi (168,350 sq km), NE ...
  • Honanfu - Honanfu: Honanfu: see Luoyang, China.

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Chinese and Mongolian Political Geography

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