Magnitogorsk

Magnitogorsk (məgnyēˌtəgôrskˈ) [key], city (1990 pop. 440,000), SW Siberian Russia, on the slopes of Mt. Magnitnaya in the S Urals, on the Ural River. Built (1929–31) under the first Five-Year Plan on the site of iron deposits, the city became a symbol of Soviet industrial growth. Coking coal for steel production comes from the Kuznetsk and Qaraghandy basins; there are also numerous coke and chemical plants. Magnitogorsk was a leading steel manufacturer during World War II, and though it is still a major metallurgical center, steel production has declined sharply.

See S. Kotkin, Steeltown, USSR (1992).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Magnitogorsk from Fact Monster:

  • Ural - Ural Ural , river, c.1,580 mi (2,540 km) long, rising in the S Urals, flowing through Russia and ...
  • Ishimbay - Ishimbay Ishimbay , city (1989 pop. 70,000), Bashkortostan, E European Russia, on the Belaya River. ...
  • Urals: Resources and Industry - Resources and Industry Except in the polar and northern sections, the mountains are forested, and ...
  • Russia: Economy - Economy General The Russian Federation inherited a Marxist-Leninist command economy from the Union ...
  • Encyclopedia: CIS and Baltic Political Geography - Encyclopeadia articles concerning CIS and Baltic Political Geography.

See more Encyclopedia articles on: CIS and Baltic Political Geography