Mamoudzou, city (2002 pop. 45,485), capital and largest city of Mayotte. It lies on the Mozambique Channel in the Indian Ocean on the NE coast of Grande-Terre, Mayotte's main island, near the mouth of the Kaoueni R. Meat, fish, coconuts, coffee, and vanilla are traded in the city, and ylang-ylang oil is manufactured there. In 1962 the capital was moved there from Dzaoudzi on Pamandzi Island, to which Mamoudzou is connected by ferry.
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