Manzhouli

Manzhouli or Manchouli (both: mänˈjōˈlēˈ) [key], city (1994 est. pop. 129,100), NE Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region, China, on the Russian border. Heavy industry is the most important economic activity; main industries include coal mining and food processing. Manzhouli developed after the construction (1903) of the Chinese Eastern RR and was important as a customs station; until recent times virtually all trade between China and Russia passed through there; trade with Russia remains important to the economy. Many Russian émigrés settled in the city after the Bolshevik revolution. It was known as Lubin from 1913 until 1949.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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