Mariupol (märˌēōˈpəl) [key], formerly Zhdanov zhdänˈəf, city (1989 pop. 520,000), SE Ukraine, on the Sea of Azov and at the mouth of the Kalmius River. A seaport and railroad terminus, Mariupol is also an iron and steel center with machine plants, chemical works, and shipyards. Coal, salt, and grain are the chief exports. Founded in 1779 by Crimean Greeks, Mariupol is on the site of an ancient Slavic settlement. It was called Zhdanov from 1948 to 1992.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Mariupol from Fact Monster:

  • Zhdanov - Zhdanov: Zhdanov: see Mariupol, Ukraine.
  • Ukraine: Economy - Economy One quarter of the workforce is employed in agriculture. Ukraine's steppe is one of the ...
  • Ukraine - Learn about the history, geography and culture of Ukraine and find statistical and demographic information.|Information on Ukraine — geography, history, politics, government, economy, population statistics, culture, religion, languages, largest cities, as well as a map and the national flag.
  • Encyclopedia: CIS and Baltic Political Geography - Encyclopeadia articles concerning CIS and Baltic Political Geography.

See more Encyclopedia articles on: CIS and Baltic Political Geography

Play Hangman

Play Poptropica

Play Quizzes

Play Tic Tac Toe