Matterhorn (mäˈtərhôrn) [key], Fr. Mont Cervin, Ital. Monte Cervino, peak, c.14,700 ft (4,480 m) high, in the Pennine Alps, on the Swiss-Italian border, near Zermatt. Its distinctive pyramidal peak was formed by the enlargement of several cirques. It was first scaled in 1865 by Edward Whymper, the English mountaineer. The nearby Matterjoch mäˈtəryôkh or Théoduletāôdülˈ, a pass (alt. 10,800 ft/3,292 m), links Italy with Switzerland.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Matterhorn from Fact Monster:

  • Mont Cervin - Cervin, Mont Cervin, Mont, or Monte Cervino:see Matterhorn.
  • Zermatt - Zermatt Zermatt , village (1989 est. pop. 4,000), Valais canton, S Switzerland. Near the ...
  • Annie Smith Peck - Annie Smith Peck mountain climber Born: 1850 Birthplace: Providence, R.I. Annie Smith Peck had a ...
  • Edward Whymper - Whymper, Edward Whymper, Edward , 1840–1911, English illustrator and mountain climber, b. ...
  • Alps: Geology - Geology Geologically, the Alps were formed during the Oligocene and Miocene epochs as a result of ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Central European Physical Geography

Play Hangman

Play Poptropica

Play Quizzes

Play Tic Tac Toe