Memmingen (mĕmˈĭng-ən) [key], city (1994 pop. 40,222), Bavaria, S Germany. Manufactures include metal products, textiles, electrical machinery, beer, and chemicals. It is also a rail junction. Historically a Swabian town, Memmingen was first mentioned in the early 12th cent. and became a free imperial city in 1286. The Twelve Articles of the Peasantry (1525) were drawn up there during the Peasants' War. Memmingen passed to Bavaria in 1803. Parts of the city's 15th-century walls and gates remain. There are also two 15th-century Gothic churches, a 16th-century city hall, and the 16th-century Fugger House.