Moshi (mōˈshē) [key], city (1994 est. pop. 95,000), capital of Kilimanjaro prov., NE Tanzania, on the southern slope of Mt. Kilimanjaro, near Kenya. It is the center of a rich coffee-growing region and is an industrial, tourist, and transportation center, connected by rail with Tanga on the Indian Ocean. Manufactures include ginned cotton, cured coffee, beverages, and clothing. The original town, now called Old Moshi and located nearby, was the capital of a 19th-century kingdom of the Chagga people and became (late 19th cent.) an administrative center under the Germans. In the 20th cent. the British moved Moshi to its present site.