(myänˈmär, mēänˌmärˈ) [key
] or Burma
bûrˈmə, officially Republic of the Union of Myanmar, republic (2005 est. pop. 42,909,000), 261,789 sq mi (678,033 sq km), SE Asia. It is bounded on the west by Bangladesh, India, and the Bay of Bengal; on the north and northeast by China; on the east by Laos and Thailand; and on the south by the Andaman Sea. The traditional capital and by far the largest city is Yangon
(Rangoon), but in late 2005 the government began transferring many government ministries to the new capital, Naypyidaw
, in central Myanmar.
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.