Newham (nyōˈəm, nōˈ–) [key], inner borough (1991 pop. 200,200) of Greater London, SE England, on the Thames River. Newham is residential in the northeast. The Royal Docks and associated industries are in the south; chemical factories and railroad yards predominate in the northwest. Few buildings in Newham are more than a century old, because the area's growth stemmed largely from London's 19th-century industrial expansion. The southwest especially suffered from slum conditions. Much of the borough was destroyed by bombs during World War II, but was rebuilt in the 1960s.