Nijmegen (nĪˈmāˌgən) [key], city (1994 pop. 147,018), Gelderland prov., E Netherlands, on the Waal River, near the German border. It is a rail and water transportation point and an industrial center. Its manufactures include metal products, paper, clothing, and soap. One of the oldest cities in the Netherlands, Nijmegen was founded in Roman times and flourished under Charlemagne (8th–early 9th cent.). It was chartered in 1184, became a free imperial city, and later joined the Hanseatic League. It subscribed (1579) to the Union of Utrecht, formed as a defensive measure against Philip II of Spain. The treaties of Nijmegen (1678–79), which ended the Dutch War (1672–78) of Louis XIV of France, were signed there (see Dutch Wars). In World War II, Allied airborne troops wrested (Sept., 1944) Nijmegen from the Germans but failed to rescue the troops caught at Arnhem. Nijmegen has a 13th-century church (the Groote Kerk), a 16th-century town hall, a 17th-century weighhouse, and the remains of a palace built (c.777) by Charlemagne and rebuilt by Frederick Barbarossa in 1165. It is the seat of the Catholic Univ. of Nijmegen (founded 1923). The city is known in French as Nimègue and in German as Nimwegen.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Nijmegen from Fact Monster:

  • Nimègue - Nimègue: Nimègue: see Nijmegen.
  • Nimwegen - Nimwegen: Nimwegen: see Nijmegen.
  • Waal - Waal Waal , main arm of the Rhine River, 52 mi (84 km) long, branching off the Rhine near the ...
  • Estrades, Godefroy, comte d' - Estrades, Godefroy, comte d' Estrades, Godefroy, comte d' , 1607–86, French diplomat, ...
  • Saint Peter Canisius - Peter Canisius, Saint Peter Canisius, Saint , 1521–97, Dutch Jesuit, Doctor of the Church, b. ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Benelux Political Geography

Play Hangman

Play Poptropica

Play Quizzes

Play Tic Tac Toe