Olsztyn

Olsztyn (ôlˈshtĭn) [key], Ger. Allenstein, city (1993 est. pop. 165,600), capital of Warmińsko-Mazurskie prov., N Poland. It is a trade, manufacturing, and railroad center, as well as a popular health resort. Founded (1348) by the Teutonic Knights, who built its impressive castle, it was ceded to Poland in 1466 and to Prussia in 1772. The city was retained by Germany after a plebiscite in 1920. It suffered heavy damage in World War II and reverted to Poland in 1945.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Olsztyn from Fact Monster:

  • Allenstein - Allenstein: Allenstein: see Olsztyn, Poland.
  • Tannenberg - Tannenberg Tannenberg , Pol. Stębark, village, Warmińsko-Mazurskie prov., NE Poland, ...
  • East Prussia - East Prussia East Prussia, Ger. Ostpreussen, former province of Prussia, extreme NE Germany. The ...
  • Encyclopedia: Polish Political Geography - Encyclopeadia articles concerning Polish Political Geography.

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Polish Political Geography