Oostende

Oostende (ōstĕnˈdə) [key], Fr. Ostende, city (1991 pop. 68,500), West Flanders prov., W Belgium, on the North Sea. It is a major commercial and fishing port, connected by canals with Bruges and Ghent. Oostende is also an industrial and rail center, as well as a seaside resort. It has a ferry terminal that connects the city with England. Manufactures include processed food, ships, soap, tobacco, and chemicals. A port by the time of the First Crusade (11th cent.), Oostende was fortified (1583) by William the Silent and played a leading role in the Dutch struggle for independence. The city was taken (1604) by the Spaniards under Ambrogio Spinola after a three-year siege in which it was almost totally destroyed, was sacked again in 1745 by the French, and suffered heavy Allied bombardment in World War II. From the mid-19th cent. to World War I it was one of Europe's most fashionable social centers. The city is also known as Ostend.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Oostende from Fact Monster:

  • West Flanders - West Flanders West Flanders, Du. West-Vlaanderen, Fr. Flandre Occidentale, province (1991 pop. ...
  • Ostend - Ostend: Ostend: see Oostende, Belgium.
  • Encyclopedia: Benelux Political Geography - Encyclopeadia articles concerning Benelux Political Geography.
  • Belgium - Learn about the history, geography and culture of Belgium and find statistical and demographic information.|Information on Belgium — geography, history, politics, government, economy, population statistics, culture, religion, languages, largest cities, as well as a map and the national flag.

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Benelux Political Geography