Pabianice (päbyänēˈtsĕ) [key], city (1994 est. pop. 75,900), Łódzkie prov., central Poland, a suburb of Łódź. It has industries producing chemicals, machine tools, and textiles. Founded in the 13th cent., the city passed to Prussia in 1793 and to Russia in 1815. It reverted to Poland in 1919. Its industrial development began about 1830 when the first textile mills were established in the city. Pabianice has a small castle and a 16th-century church.