Pahang (pəhŭngˈ, –hăngˈ) [key], state (1991 pop. 1,081,148), 13,920 sq mi (36,053 sq km), Malaysia, S Malay Peninsula, on the South China Sea. It is the largest state of West Malaysia. The capital is Kuala Lipis. The region is mostly covered with dense jungle and has a mountainous interior. It is drained by the Pahang River (c.285 mi/460 km long), the chief river of the Malay Peninsula. Agricultural products include rubber, rice, coconuts, tobacco, and hemp; gold and tin are mined. Over half the population is Malay, but there is a large Chinese minority. Before the 16th cent. Pahang was the vassal state of the various powers that in turn dominated the Malay Peninsula. After the fall of Malacca (1511), Pahang formed part of the sultanate of Riau and Johor (except in the 17th cent. when it was captured by Acheh) until its own rulers established themselves as independent sovereigns in the 19th cent. Pahang became a British protectorate in 1888 and in 1896 became one of the Federated Malay States. In 1948 it joined the Federation of Malaya. See Malaysia.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Pahang from Fact Monster:

  • Malaysia: Government - Government Malaysia is a constitutional monarchy and is governed under the constitution of 1957 as ...
  • Malaysia: Land and People - Land and People Malaysia consists of two parts: West Malaysia,. also called Peninsular Malaysia or ...
  • Melaka - Melaka Melaka or Malacca, state (1991 pop. 504,502), 640 sq mi (1,658 sq km), Malaysia, S Malay ...
  • Encyclopedia: Malaysia and Singapore Political Geography - Encyclopeadia articles concerning Malaysia and Singapore Political Geography.
  • Malaysia: History - History Foreign Influence and Settlement (For early history of West Malaysia, see Malay Peninsula; ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Malaysia and Singapore Political Geography

Play Hangman

Play Poptropica

Play Quizzes

Play Tic Tac Toe