Podolsk (pədôlˈyəsk) [key], city (1989 pop. 209,000), central European Russia, on the Pakhra River, a tributary of the Moskva. The center of a fertile agricultural region, Podolsk is a rail terminus and lies on the main highway from Moscow to the Crimea. There are electrotechnical industries and factories that produce heavy machinery, cement, and cables. The medieval village of Podolsk was a fief of the Danilov monastery in Moscow until 1764 and received a city charter in 1781. Prior to the 1917 Bolshevik Revolution, Podolsk was a frequent meeting place for Lenin and other revolutionaries. The city has a Lenin museum and numerous educational establishments.