Przemyśl (pshĕˈmĭshəl) [key], Ukr. Peremyshl, city (1989 est. pop. 67,000), Podkarpackie prov., extreme SE Poland, on the San River in the Carpathian foothills. It is a trade center and has metalworking, textile, and timber-working industries. Oil and natural gas are also produced. The city was allegedly founded in the 8th cent. Between 981 and 1340 it was ruled by Kiev and Volodymyr-Volynskyy. Przemyśl obtained municipal rights and passed to Poland in the late 14th cent. Austria took the city in 1772; it reverted to Poland after World War I. Przemyśl has several old churches and the remains of a 14th-century castle.