IntroductionQatar or Katar (both: kŭˈtər, gŭ–, kətärˈ) [key], officially State of Qatar, independent emirate (2005 est. pop. 863,000), c.4,400 sq mi (11,400 sq km), E Arabia, coextensive with the Qatar peninsula, which projects into the Persian Gulf. The capital and largest city is Doha.
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