Rawalpindi (räwəlpĭnˈdē) [key], city (1998 pop. 1,406,214), NE Pakistan. It occupies the site of an old village inhabited by the Rawals, a tribe of Yogis. A railroad junction and an important industrial and commercial center, the city has an oil refinery, gasworks, an iron foundry, railroad yards, a brewery, sawmills, and factories making tents, textiles, hosiery, pottery, and leather goods. Sikhs settled the area in 1765 and invited nearby traders to live in Rawalpindi. After the British occupied the Punjab (1849), it became a major British military outpost. In 1919 a peace treaty ending the Third Afghan War was signed by British and Afghan representatives at Rawalpindi. The city, strategically located astride the road between the Punjab and Kashmir, is Pakistan's army headquarters. From 1959 to 1970, it was the interim capital of Pakistan. Six colleges affiliated with the Univ. of the Punjab, a polytechnic school, a police training institute, and an armed forces medical college are in Rawalpindi.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Rawalpindi from Fact Monster:

  • Taxila - Taxila Taxila , archaeological site of three successive cities, near Rawalpindi, Pakistan. There ...
  • Islamabad - Islamabad Islamabad , city (1998 pop. 524,500), capital of Pakistan, NE Pakistan, just NE of ...
  • Amanullah - Amanullah Amanullah , 1892–1960, emir (1919–26) and king (1926–29) of ...
  • Karachi - Karachi Karachi , city (1998 pop. 9,269,265), largest city and former capital of Pakistan, SE ...
  • Benazir Bhutto - Biography of Benazir Bhutto, The first female prime minister of Pakistan

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Pakistan and Bangladesh Political Geography

Play Hangman

Play Poptropica

Play Quizzes

Play Tic Tac Toe