Saintonge (săNtôNzhˈ) [key], region of W France, on the Bay of Biscay. It is now part of the Charente-Maritime dept. Cattle and sheep raising, dairying, and the manufacture of cognac from grapes grown along the Charente River are the major occupations; oysters are harvested along the coast. Known as the country of Santones, the region was conquered by the Romans and was occupied (419) by the Visigoths and by Clovis I (507). As a fief of Aquitaine, it became part of England (1154) following the marriage of Eleanor of Aquitaine to Henry of Anjou (later Henry II of England). During the Wars of Religion (1562–98), Saintonge was a Protestant stronghold, especially at the city of La Rochelle. The region was incorporated (1372) into the French crown lands, and was a French province until the Revolution (1789).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Saintonge from Fact Monster:

  • Saintes - Saintes Saintes , town (1990 pop. 27,546), Charente-Maritime dept., W France, on the Charente ...
  • Treaty of Brétigny - Brétigny, Treaty of Brétigny, Treaty of , 1360, concluded by England and France at ...
  • Bertrand Du Guesclin - Du Guesclin, Bertrand Du Guesclin, Bertrand , c.1320–80, constable of France (1370–80), ...
  • France: Land - Land Although France's old historic provinces were abolished by the Revolution, they remain the ...
  • Encyclopedia: French Political Geography - Encyclopeadia articles concerning French Political Geography.

See more Encyclopedia articles on: French Political Geography

Play Hangman

Play Poptropica

Play Quizzes

Play Tic Tac Toe