Salford (sŏlˈfərd, sôlˈ–) [key], city and metropolitan borough (1991 pop. 96,525), NW England, located in the Manchester metropolitan area on the Irwell River. Salford was long an important textile center; many Port of Manchester docks were located in the confines of the city. Some of the former docklands are now the site of the Lowry Center, a huge complex of galleries, theaters, and other facilities. The city also has an unusual number of parks and recreation grounds. Predominant industries include chemicals, plastics, and electronic equipment. Made a free town in 1230, Salford also included the town of Manchester in the Middle Ages. The Univ. of Salford specializes in science and technology.