Schaffhausen (shäfhouˈzən) [key], canton (1993 pop. 73,000), 115 sq mi (298 sq km), N Switzerland. Entirely on the right (northern) bank of the Rhine River, the canton consists of three noncontiguous agricultural and forested areas, which are largely surrounded by German territory. Its inhabitants, who are German-speaking and largely Protestant, raise cereals, fruit, and vegetables and produce a fine wine. Nearly all of the canton's industry is concentrated in the town of Neuhausen and in the adjoining city of Schaffhausen (1993 pop. 33,900), the original settlement and capital of the canton. Schaffhausen is an old city, picturesquely situated on the Rhine. Machinery, metal goods, jewelry, cement, glass, paper, chemicals, woolen textiles, and watches are produced. The Rheinfall, a cataract of the Rhine, plunges c.70 ft (20 m) just southwest of the city and is harnessed for hydroelectric power. Originally a Benedictine abbey (founded c.1050), Schaffhausen became (c.1208) a free city of the Holy Roman Empire, ruled first by its abbots, then by the Hapsburgs, and, after c.1415, by its local trade guilds. It joined the Swiss Confederation in 1501. With an 11th-century minster, a hilltop castle (the Munot), and several old houses, Schaffhausen retains much of its medieval character.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Schaffhausen from Fact Monster:

  • Neuhausen am Rheinfall - Neuhausen am Rheinfall Neuhausen am Rheinfall , town (1990 pop. 10,619), Schaffhausen canton, N ...
  • Switzerland: Land and People - Land and People Between the Jura and the Central Alps, which occupy the southern section (more than ...
  • Rhine: Course - Course The Rhine's highest source, the Hinter Rhine, issues from the Rheinwaldhorn Glacier more ...
  • Encyclopedia: Swiss Political Geography - Encyclopeadia articles concerning Swiss Political Geography.
  • Switzerland - Learn about the history, geography and culture of Switzerland and find statistical and demographic information.|Information on Switzerland — geography, history, politics, government, economy, population statistics, culture, religion, languages, largest cities, as well as a map and the national flag.

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Swiss Political Geography

Play Hangman

Play Poptropica

Play Quizzes

Play Tic Tac Toe