Serampur or Serampore (both: sĕˌrəmpôrˈ) [key], town (1991 pop. 177,087), West Bengal state, E central India, on the Hugli River, just N of Kolkata (Calcutta). Founded in 1799, Serampur was the center of Danish colonialism in India. Great Britain purchased the town from Denmark in 1845. Serampur's college (opened 1818) grants degrees in Christian theology.